{ref8} They all are classified according to the clinical phenotype, the pathology, and the mode of inheritance. Types of muscular dystrophy. Progressive weakness in the breathing muscles (diaphragm) makes it hard to take a breath. Life expectancy for people with myotonic dystrophy can vary considerably. Becker muscular dystrophy occurs when a different mutation in the same gene results in some dystrophin, but it's either not enough or it's poor in quality. Teenagers or adults may have shoulder aches, rounded shoulders or thin upper arms. As with other types of muscular dystrophy, myotonic dystrophy involves progressive muscle weakness and muscle wasting. Many people will eventually become unable to walk. Muscle weakness occurs mostly in … A gene is made up of coding regions called exons, and the areas in between exons are called introns.Dystrophin has 79 exons, which makes it one of the largest genes in the body. Most people with Becker MD will be able to walk into their 40s and 50s but often find they need to use a wheelchair as their condition progresses. Heart monitoring. Muscular Dystrophy Symptoms by Type Myotonic (also called MMD or Steinert's disease). As the condition progresses, it becomes harder to move. Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy. The first symptoms are often mobility problems affecting the hip girdle. Weakness in the muscles supporting the backbone causes the spine to become curved. Facioscapulohumeral MD can develop unevenly, so the muscles on one side of the body may be affected more than the other. Dysphagia can eventually make it difficult to swallow solid foods, liquids and even small amounts of saliva. In … Muscular dystrophy can also cause the heart muscle to become weak (cardiomyopathy). Analysis of the tissue sample can distinguish muscular dystrophies from other muscle diseases. A rare condition and a group of congenital diseases that causes mutilation and muscle weakness is called muscle dystrophy. Becker muscular dystrophy is similar to Duchenne muscular dystrophy, but it’s less severe. As a result, people with muscular dystrophy have muscle loss and weakness. There are nine major groupings of muscular dystrophy. A small piece of muscle can be removed through an incision or with a hollow needle. Nine Forms of Muscular Dystrophy. As the condition progresses, it usually affects the muscles in the: Around half of all people with facioscapulohumeral MD develop weakness in their leg muscles, and 1 or 2 in every 10 people with the condition will eventually need a wheelchair. There is no cure for muscular dystrophy, but treatments can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. (It is also known as Steinert's disease and dystrophia myotonica.) Muscle biopsy. Myotonic dystrophy is the most common adult form of muscular dystrophy. It then progresses to the shoulder girdle ("girdle" means the bones around the shoulder or hip). There are more than 30 types of muscular dystrophy that result in muscle weakness. Symptoms appear later in life, around age 40 to 60. This type of muscular dystrophy affects the muscles of the eyelids, face, and throat, and it can weaken vision and swallowing. Neurological tests. Men also tend to be affected earlier and more severely. If you have Becker MD, you're also at risk of developing dilated cardiomyopathy and breathing problems. Some people with muscular dystrophy eventually need to use a wheelchair. Symptoms of Becker MD usually begin in childhood, but they're often relatively mild at this point. Girls can occasionally be affected, although the condition tends to be milder. Muscular Dystrophy treatment with stem cells has shown the potential of repair and regeneration of the damaged muscular tissues. Various tests are done to check nervous system function, reflexes, and coordination. Through advances in medical care, children with muscular dystrophy are living longer than ever before. Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass. Muscular dystrophy is an inherited disorder, which is often characterized by a progressive type of muscular degeneration and weakness. This can lead to choking. The most common form of muscular dystrophy in adults, myotonic muscular dystrophy affects both men and … The weakness starts early in childhood and gradually increases, affecting the child's ability to walk. Weakness in the large muscles of the legs makes it difficult to walk, stand, kneel, or climb. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. You need a pacemaker to regulate it. Types of Muscular Dystrophy. Close menu. Muscular Dystrophy UK provides a dropdown list of specific muscle-weakening conditions. Some types are mild, while others are serious and get worse very fast. Surgery may be recommended to manage or correct complications of muscular dystrophy. One example is a nerve conduction study, also called a nerve function test, or electromyography (EMG). Emery-Dreifuss MD can also affect the heart's electrical signals, causing heart block. Usually this type of muscular dystrophy doesn't appear until the teenage years or later in life. Anyone suffering from this type of MD is likely to die in his/her early 20s. When dystrophin is reduced or absent, the muscles break down, eventually causing problems … And they offer you potential new treatment opportunities that are not otherwise available. However, it's often the smaller muscles that are affected first, such as those in the face, jaw and neck. Need for a wheelchair. Here is more information about nine of the most common forms. However, with treatment to manage the symptoms, a person's life expectancy isn't usually altered. 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